Cold or Flu, What’s the difference?
The common cold is an illness caused by virus infection which enters through the nasal pathway. Fifty percent of the colds are caused by Rhino Virus which is airborne.
Symptoms of Common cold
Runny nose, sneezing, nasal obstruction, sore throat, cough, and general symptoms include, feverish, headache and so on.
How is it caused?
When Rhino Virus comes in contact from an affected person it infects and spreads through sneezes, contaminated fingers.
Small doses of virus can produce the infection. When the virus passes through the nose, attaches to the receptor and then transported to a cell to cause infection. The infected cell dies and ruptures causing the multiplication faster infecting the other cells.
Cold symptoms begin shortly after the virus infects the nose. It takes 36 to 72 hours to infect approximately
Reducing the risk of spreading colds
- Avoid shaking hands with the person affected with colds.
- Wash hands with antibacterial soaps after shaking hands if it is unavoidable.
- Advise the children to carry tissues n cover the mouth gently with tissues while coughing. Cover the nose and mouth while sneezing. This avoids spreading of viruses to others through air.
- Avoid taking cold drinks instead take hot soups which creates an uncomfortable atmosphere for the virus to multiply.
- Take enough rest while treating colds which avoids spreading.
Home remedies for common colds
AS the saying goes on “colds last for a week if untreated and lasts for seven days if treated. There are no effective “antiviral” drugs for treating common colds.
- Drinking lemon and ginger tea at regular intervals’ or a mixture of Lemon, Ginger, Cinnamon, Honey will largely relieve the symptoms.
- Gargling with warm salt water is a conservative method. Get plenty of rest and drink fluids.
- Over-the-counter cold and cough medicines may help ease symptoms in adults and older children. Over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children under age 4.
- Many alternative treatments have been tried for colds, such as vitamin C, zinc supplements. Talk to your doctor before trying any herbal medicines or over the counter supplements.
Flu and its symptoms
Waking up in the morning with a strong feeling of muscular pains over the body with fever, nasal congestion, cough or sneezes, sour throat and so on, then you probably had Flu. Flu is considered to drag more attention than cold because it might be a simple flu or some dangerous life-threatening diseases such as swine flu, pneumonia or other diseases.
It is better to visit your doctor if you are suffering from the symptoms of flu. The doctor diagnoses which type of flu it is and treats you with the appropriate medicines.
Colds seem to subside with home remedies but flu troubles you more than that. Persistent fever and body aches make all the difference.
Summer flu Symptoms
Headache, body ache, runny nose, tiredness and fatigue, fever, sore throat, cough, and in some cases vomiting and diarrhea.
Emergency signs in adults with flu
Dizziness, tiredness, dehydration, and inability to urinate adequately, muscle pain, not able to interact, persistent fever, a cough that subsides with medicine and returns back, trouble to breathe, seizures in a few cases are seen. If you observe these said symptoms it’s an alarming sign to see your doctor immediately.
Emergency signs in children with Flu
Persistent fever (1040), unable to interact while the child is awake, passive, inability to urinate for longer periods of time, difficulty to breath, seizures, bluish face, dry mouth, rapid movements of ribcage while breathing are all the symptoms of flu.
For any further advice call us immediately for apt medical support.