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Getting pain around the eye region is pretty common in most people. While most of us brush it aside believing it for a common headache, it can be more than just a headache.

Depending on the region where you sense pain, it could be anything from a common headache to a more grave underlying issue like a migraine or an eye disorder.

So, in this article let’s look at some of the common types of eye pain and what it means.

Symptoms

As mentioned above, both the symptoms and the issue depends on the location of the pain. Here are some of the common symptoms that are associated with eye pain.

  • Headache
  • Redness of the eyes
  • Irritation in the eye
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Watery eyes
  • Pressure between the eyes
  • Fever
  • Issue with vision

Based on the above symptoms, let’s look at some of the common types of eye pain.

Sinusitis:

Sinusitis is the infection of the sinuses. When this happens, the membranes that line your nose and the surrounding areas will be inflamed. This results in blocking your ability to drain mucus from your nose and sinus. It is believed to be commonly caused due to a cold-causing viral infection. Headache is a common symptom of sinusitis. You may also feel pressure behind your eyes, nose, cheeks, and forehead.

Conjunctivitis:

Conjunctivitis or pink eye is an infection of the tissue that lines your eye and eyelids. It is usually caused due to an infection or allergy in your eyes. Your eyes will be swollen and red due to itching and pain due to the inflammation.

Dry eye syndrome:

As the name suggests, your eyes will be dried up and this will be followed by pain in the eye, sensitivity to light, and headaches. You can use a good quality eye drops to lubricate your eyes. However, if this persists, you need to consult an ophthalmologist.

Migraine:

Eye pains are commonly associated with migraine attacks. Migraines are neurological conditions that result in severe headaches, sensitivity to light and sound, and nausea.

They can be felt through pounding pain that starts at the forehead, side of the head, or around the eyes. Most people suffering from migraines have also reported of throbbing pain behind one eye.

Cluster headaches:

Cluster headaches are severe pain that starts behind the eye region and continues in several parts of the head. It is known to begin all of a sudden and reoccur within 24-hour periods.

Optic Neuritis:

Optic neuritis is caused due to the inflammation of the optic nerve. It causes pain whenever you move your eye. While it is yet to be scientifically confirmed, doctors believe that optic neuritis is caused due to the onset of multiple sclerosis. Sclerosis is a disease where the immune system deteriorates the covering of the nerves.

Scleritis:

Scleritis is caused due to the inflammation inside the Sclera. The sclera is the outer coating of the eyeball. It eventually results in the reddening of the eye, sensitivity to light, and pain while moving the eye. It is usually treated with the help of medication.

Vision issues:

Vision issues are perhaps the most common reason for developing eye pain. As obvious as it is, when you have vision issues like near or farsightedness, you will have to strain your eyes to focus more on the objects to see clearly. This eventually results in eye pain, which further develops into a headache.

Identifying it sooner can help you in preventing it from deteriorating further.

Graves disease:

It is a disorder when the tissues and muscles behind the eye get swollen. As a result, the eyeball bulges out of the socket and prevents its movement. It also causes pain when you try to move the eyes. It is caused due to an overactive thyroid gland.

Toothache:

More often than not, when you suffer from a toothache, the surrounding nerves become numb due to pain spread from it. It was also reported that a toothache can cause swelling and pain in the eye.

When to consult a doctor

While we recommend you consult a doctor if you are unsure of any health condition or symptom, in the case of eye pain, check with an ophthalmologist when you notice the below signs.

  • When the eye pain is severe and is persisting for more than a day or two.
  • Swelling in and around the eye.
  • If your eye pain is accompanied by fever and headache.
  • Redness of eye and discharge of pus from it.
  • Eye pain accompanied by abdominal pain and nausea.
  • An issue with your vision.
  • Sensitivity to light or when you see halos.

While a normal eye pain cures on its own and within some time, do not neglect it if it persists for more than a day. Make an appointment with an eye doctor when in doubt or when you notice the above signs.

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