As explained in our previous article, a cataract is a visual disorder in the eyes where a cloudy layer is formed, which obstructs your vision and over the course of time, has the danger of causing blindness.
While it is more common as you age, especially as you grow older than 40, it can be treated and cured through surgical procedures.
The surgery involves the removal of the lens in the eye and replacing it with an artificial one. While it is a common procedure to treat cataracts, it is also very safe and has a very high success rate.
While just hearing the term ‘Surgery’ makes people reconsider or take a second opinion, it is an effective and common method in curing cataract. So, in this article let’s look at everything you need to know about Cataract Surgery and what you can expect out of it.
Who should have cataract surgery?
While not everyone are required to undergo surgery to cure or improve their eyesight, it is definitely recommended as the eyesight or the condition worsens.
Most people do not require surgery and can suffice with prescription glasses. But it is a solution as the condition worsens or interferes with your quality of life.
Why should I have cataract surgery?
Getting cataract surgery is the only option to prevent its deterioration. It improves your vision and color perception.
What does cataract surgery involve?
During cataract surgery, you will be given a local anesthetic to ensure you feel no pain during the process. It is a day surgery and usually allows you to leave for home right after the procedure.
The process involves, making small incisions and replacing the lens in the eye with artificial ones, commonly plastic lenses. These lenses are placed permanently and require replacements on rare occasions.
Do I need to wear glasses if I get cataract surgery?
After standard cataract surgery, you might still need to use your reading glasses. However, there are cataract surgeries that reduce or even completely eliminate the need for glasses after cataract surgery.
How do I prepare for the cataract surgery?
Your doctor will examine your eye a week or two before the surgery and take measurements of the lens of your eye to determine the best artificial lens that is right for your eyes.
On the day of the surgery, if you are to be given a local anesthetic, you may eat as normal. However, if in case a general anesthetic will be given, you will be asked to fast before the procedure.
You may clear these with your doctor before the surgery day.
What care is required after the surgery?
Your doctor will request you to take it easy with your eyes at least for a week after the surgery, this means, you need to ensure you do not put much strain on them.
You might feel an itch or discomfort during the first few days and may also develop tearing. Do not perform strenuous tasks like driving or lifting weights and put pressure on your eyes.
You may be asked to wear an eye shield during the first week. While there will be minimal pain after the surgery, you may consult with your doctor about the discomfort and use a simple painkiller if needed.
In 8 weeks time or less, you will be fully healed. However, you might still need to reach out to your reading glasses.
Is there an alternative for cataract surgery?
While there are different types of cataract surgery, like standard and laser, there are no alternatives to having one. You may choose to not have one, however, that will only deteriorate your vision as time passes and you age.
With that said, you can always maintain a good and healthy lifestyle to minimize the risks of developing a cataract.
Are there any risks to cataract surgery?
Similar to any surgical procedures, there’re always risks associated with them. However, cataract surgery is known to have an extremely high success rate.
When it comes to developing complications during the surgery or after, a few are listed below.
- Internal bleeding
- Fluid accumulation
- Incorrect lens insertion
- Incomplete removal of the cataract
- Detachment of the retina
- Drooping eyelids
In order to minimize the risks of developing such complications, it is always recommended to Consult a known and popular Doctor who is Highly Experienced in performing such surgical procedures. You may Contact Us to find the best ones in the field who are near you.