Are you suffering from diarrhea? Should you consider diarrhea seriously? Why diarrhea cases are more active in Rainy season?
As the rainy season is just around the corner, let us discuss what all the precautions have to be followed to avoid diarrhea. First let us see, what is diarrhea? Diarrhea is often treated as a common problem and it should not be considered as a serious condition until the impact goes high as every human will face it once or twice in a year. It is a state of loose, squelchy stools three or four times in a day which is more frequent passage than usual for a human. It is a result of the infection in the intestinal tract which is caused by an assortment of contagious, disease-causing and parasitic entities. These bacterial infections can enter into our body through food or water or by a one-to-one which is a result of bad hygiene. Usually, in most cases, the diarrhoea gets set right on its own within one or two days which are called acute diarrhoea. It is a common condition witness in people of almost all ages from children to aged people. But, if it lasts for more than four days it is called chronic diarrhoea and it has to be treated as soon as possible as it can be a symptom of underlying chronic infection or disease. There are some researchers who say that diarrhoea cases registered more in children than in adults. Often, diarrhoea in children occurs with fever, vomiting, and dehydration. As per the records, approximately 1.9 million children are dying each year due to diarrhoea.
Usually, diseases don’t look for specific seasons or a specific time of a year to attack, but to your surprise, the number of diarrhoea cases is noted high mainly in rainy seasons. Notably in the low-lying areas especially in the village’s waste accumulates on the ground either it can be from humans or animal. As the rain comes, flushes the waste and muddy pockets of nurturing pathogens into rivers and watering holes. We all know that villages don’t have proper sanitation and water facility which are the two main reasons for diarrhea cases from there. Hence it is the better water treatment and sanitation can help us mainly in rainy seasons.
Although the diarrhea is not any serious disease, sometimes when the diarrhoea is chronic it might create some complication in our body like, dehydration which is pretty dangerous for children, aged people who have a conceded and in fact a weak immune system. Not just that, severe diarrhoea can also cause blood in the stool which causes the dizziness and lack of energy. It will make the sufferer unable to control the bowel movements and sometimes it can be so severe that it can also damage the kidneys.
Chronic diarrhea can lead to instant dehydration as a result of over loss of fluids and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, and chloride) from the body in the form of vomit, urine, stool, and sweat. The symptoms of dehydration include severe thirst, urinating less than usual, dizziness, dry mouth, dry skin, recessed eyes, and cheeks. These are meant for adults whereas in infants the symptoms of dehydration will be something like excessive thirst, lack of energy, no tears while crying, recessed eyes and cheeks, etc.
Diarrhoea is usually gets set right on its own in one or two days but if it lasts longer than two or three days doctor’s consultation is required along with some medical tests like blood tests and stool tests to confirm any bacterial attack, colonoscopy where the entire colon will be checked for infections, and x-ray or CT scans for imaging the structural idiosyncrasies. Thus, these are some of the diagnosis involved in Diarrhoea Treatment.
Symptoms of Diarrhoea:
- Bloated belly.
- An urgent need to use the washroom.
- A relentless feeling that you need to have a bowel drive.
- Unable to control the bowel movements, as the liquid and watery stool has no withstanding capacity.
- Stomach ache.
Some symptoms of diarrhea caused by infections are
- Blood or mucus in the stool which is a vigorous state of affair and has to be treated as soon as possible.
- Untimely weight loss which can be a sign of some chronic infection.
- High fever.
- Vomiting sensation.
We can figure out a lot many causes for diarrhea. As already discussed, diarrhea is a result of an infection caused in the intestine; hence it is also referred to as the stomach flu. Let us take a look at some most common causes of diarrhea.
- Eating contaminated food.
- Lactose intolerance, which is a condition that causes diarrhea post consumption of foods or liquids that contains dairy products. Sometimes allergies to foods like cow’s milk, eggs, soy and seafood, and cereal grains can cause chronic diarrhea.
- Fructose hypersensitivity can be a cause for diarrhoea as the foods with high fructose levels like fruit juices with high sugar or sweetened foods can create infections.
- Food borne illnesses- Viral infections, bacterial infections and parasitic infections caused by foods and contaminated- water can cause the diarrhoea. The bacterium that gets and stays in the intestinal tract can cause chronic diarrhoea.
- Traveler’s diarrhea: Sometimes when you travel to a totally new place where the atmospheric conditions and food habits change from our native country can also cause diarrhea.
- Aftereffects of medicines: Diarrhoea is a common problem in people who were used to medications like antibiotics, and other medicines high in magnesium proportion.
- Eating greasy foods often can also cause diarrhea.
- Even the digestive sicknesses mainly aged people also have the chance to suffer from diarrhea.
Precautions for diarrhoea:
- Drink lots of water especially safe drinking water.
- Try to make use of hygienic sanitary to avoid bacteria which cause diarrhoea.
- Don’t let the water stagnate in and around your house as it can allow the bacteria to spread the diseases.
- Make some pathways to let the rainwater to go away as it can spread diarrhoeal bacteria.
- Always keep your hands clean as 90% of the bacteria that gets into the body through hands.
- Avoid raw meat and make sure the meat is properly cooked before you eat.
- Breastfeed your kid for the first six post birth as the breast milk has all the necessary nutrients.
- Avoid eating contaminated food as it gets its ability to hold the freshness after a longer duration and allows bacteria generation.
- Try to maintain personal hygiene by taking a proper shower twice a day with anti-bacterial soaps, notably in the rainy season.
- Pregnant women should always try to stay hydrated to avoid dehydration.
As Diarrhoea is a severe tendency and if you really feel like the state of affair you are in needs a best doctor’s consultation, call us to find the best doctor in your proximity to get the relief from it.