Is your BP hitting high? Time to pause and care for yourself…..
Blood Pressure is the pressure exerted on the walls of the blood vessels during circulation. In the current world 1 on 4 adults suffer from high blood pressure, which is life threatening because it leads to strokes and heart attacks. It is rarely unrecognized but with simple precautions it is preventable and one can live a happy life on this all the days ordained to live.
There are 2 reading involved with blood pressure, systolic and diastolic. The blood pressure range is recorded to be 90/60mmHg, which is ideal and the high blood pressure range is considered as 120/80mmHg and higher, while the low blood pressure is noted as 80/60mmHg and lower than the mentioned reading.
Causes of high BP (Hyper Tension)
We must be aware of the causes of high BP to avoid the risks. Have a regular BP check up to avoid any chances of attack. Below are the listed causes of high BP.
- Age-related – if you are over 65 years of age, the chances are more to be at risk of high blood pressure
- High salt intake through food and not drinking enough water
- High consumption of alcohol and drinks consistent with Caffeine
- Less intake of fruits and vegetables and more consumption of meat
- If you are overweight
- If you don’t have a habit of regular exercise or walk
- Heredity (if one of your parents or siblings of parents have high BP)
- Those who suffer from insomnia (sleeplessness or disturbed sleep)
- Gestational high blood pressure is also recorded in certain cases where a woman during pregnancy experiences it while she was not diagnosed previously. The hypertension is of three types for the pregnant woman. Chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia.
We will be discussing about the High BP in a pregnant woman in our next blog. Blood pressure may increase from 10 to 20mmHg immediately after eating.
Risk factors associated with High Blood Pressure
- Heart attacks
- Heart disease
- Kidney failure
- Peripheral arterial occlusive disease
- Vascular dementia
- Heart failure
How to lower and control your blood pressure
- Cut down the intake of preserved food, pickles which consist of a high amount of sodium (salt)
- Go for a walk at least 5 days in a week for about 40 minutes to an hour
- Quit smoking
- Cut down the consumption of alcohol and caffeinated drinks
- Reduce stress
- Eat a considerable amount of fruits and vegetables and cut down red meat
- If you are obese reduce your weight through physical exercise and proper diet prescribed by your doctor. Intake fiber-rich food with low calories is highly recommended.
According to studies 5 in 8 cases the patients do not know that they have hypertension. So it is high time to know the symptoms of high blood pressure
- Blurred vision/vision related issues
- Severe and continuous headache
- Easy fatigues
- Chest pain
- Breathing difficulty/ breathlessness
- Irregular heartbeat/arrhythmia
- A feeling of pounding in ears and chest
If you experience any of these symptoms it is better to visit your doctor. Even so, if you are more than 30 years of age it is better to have regular BP check up to avoid surprises down the road regarding your health.
Call your doctor for an immediate appointment and expert advice for your High Blood Pressure. Live it up happily while you are under the expert observation. Call us for further queries.