Pneumonia, commonly identified as an infection of one or both the lungs is caused by virus bacteria. Then air sacs in your lungs get inflammation due to infection-causing sacs to fill with pus or fluid.
The germs that cause pneumonia are contagious and can spread through the air, like sneeze or cough. You can also catch pneumonia by coming in contact with objects or surfaces that are contaminated with pneumonia-causing virus or bacteria. Fungal pneumonia can be caught from the environment.
- Sweating and chills
- Mild chest pain
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea or vomiting
- Shortness of breath
Bacterial Pneumonia is caused by:
- Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Mycoplasma pneumoniae
- Legionella pneumophila
Viral Pneumonia is caused by:
- Respiratory syncytial virus
- Rhinovirus/common cold
Fungal pneumonia is caused by fungi from bird droppings. This is often caused by people with weakened immune systems.
Types of Pneumonia:
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia: Acquired from a hospital stay and is mostly resistant to antibiotics.
- Community-acquired pneumonia: Acquired outside walls, from the environment
- Aspiration Pneumonia: Caused when you inhale bacteria into lungs from drink, food, or saliva. Mostly occur to people with swallowing problem or if you’re too sedate from the use of medications, alcohol and other drugs.
The treatment solely depends on the type of pneumonia you are dealing with. The Doctor prescribes a medication based on the specific cause for pneumonia. Oral antibiotics treat most of the bacterial pneumonia cause. Antibiotics works on viral pneumonia. Antifungal medications fight fungal pneumonia.
To relieve the pain, the doctor may suggest:
If the symptoms are severe, the doctor may suggest you admit in the hospital for close monitoring. They keep track of your blood pressure, temperature, heart rate, and breathing.
Pneumonia treatment is usually done by a Pulmonologist Doctor. They are specialists of lung disease. Depending on the initial symptoms, the doctor may suggest undergoing any or all of the following tests:
- Chest X-Ray
- Blood Culture
- Sputum Culture
- Pulse oximetry
- CT Scan
- Fluid Sample
Pneumonia in Children
For children under 5 years old, chances of pneumonia are high due to a poor immune system. It is usually caused due to respiratory virus, streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. The common symptoms in children are:
- Trouble breathing
- Lack of energy
- Changes in appetite
Pneumonia can become dangerous in a short span, especially in young children. It is advisable to Visit a Pulmonary Expert at the initial stage of developing the symptoms.
To refer to a Pulmonary Doctor in Hyderabad, visit our website or call us at 8800644744.