Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease, characterized by the growth of tiny inflammatory cells in the body. It mostly affects lymph nodes and lungs and eventually grows to the skin, heart, eyes, and other organs. These inflamed tissues are present in the form of abnormal masses and alter the normal structure and function of the affected organ.
Depending on the affected organ, the symptoms of sarcoidosis may vary. In most of the cases, the initial symptoms are fatigue, dry cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms are:
- Red and teary eyes accompanied by blurred vision
- Painful joints
- Swelling in the joints
- Tender reddish bumps on the skin
- Kidney stone
- Enlarged liver
- Hoarse voice
- Nervous system damage, including hearing loss, seizures, meningitis, inflammation, etc.
Sarcoidosis: Know from the Pulmonologist
According to our pulmonology expert in Hyderabad, sarcoidosis occurs between 20-40 years of age. There are more women diagnosed with Sarcoidosis than men. While the exact cause of sarcoid still unknown, it is categorized as a type of autoimmune disease and is associated with abnormal immune response.
There is no particular way to diagnose sarcoid. However, with a series of different tests, it can be detected by a pulmonologist. The main Diagnosis Test includes:
- Chest X-Ray: To scan for swollen lymph nodes of cloudiness
- HRCT Scan: aka high-resolution CT, to have a detailed look at lungs and lymph nodes
- Pulmonary function tests: aka breathing test, to measure the proper working of lungs
- Bronchoscopy: Inspection of bronchial tubes to extract a biopsy.
With the betterment of immune system over time, the disease gets better. However, the treatment is needed to reduce the symptoms and maintain the proper working of the affected organs. The treatment includes:
- Taking a well-balanced diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables
- Drinking enough liquid everyday
- Getting regular check-ups with the healthcare provider
- Getting six to eight hours of undisturbed sleep everyday
- Quit smoking
A few drug treatments, prescribed by the experts, have shown a significant relieve in the symptoms and help reduce the inflammation. Usually, steroids are prescribed which helps in fatigue, and cough.
If the disease is detected at an early stage, it can be treated with the right dose of medicine. However, prolonged sarcoidosis can lead to permanent lung damage. In rare occasions, sarcoidosis is fatal and can result in death due to complications with the heart, lungs, or brain. For early detection of Sarcoidosis, meet a Pulmonology Expert once in every 6 months.