Gallstone disease refers to the condition where gallstones are either within the gallbladder or common bile duct. Gallstones are develops mainly from cholesterol are termed cholesterol stones, and those mainly from bilirubin are called pigment stones.
The presence of stones in the gallbladder is called to as cholelithiasis, Presence of gallstones in the common bile duct is called choledocholithiasis, Choledocholithiasis is frequently associated with obstruction of the bile ducts, which in turn can lead to cholangitis, a serious infection of the bile ducts.
Risk factors of gall bladder stones invovles
Cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal) has a 99% chance of eliminating the reappearance of cholelithiasis. The absence of a gallbladder may have no negative effect in many people. although, there is a portion of the population between 10% and 15% who develop a condition known as postcholecystectomy syndrome which may cause nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, and episodes of abdominal pain.
There are two surgical Procedures for cholecystectomy: