Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that affecting to the optic nerve, and gradually result in loss of vision by permanently damaging the optic nerve, the nerve that transmits visual images to the brain.
Glaucoma is normally, but not always, related with elevated pressure in the eye (intraocular pressure (IOP)). Usually, this elevated eye pressure that leads to damage of the eye (optic) nerve. In few cases, glaucoma may occur in the presence of normal eye pressure. The glaucoma can cause by poor regulation of blood flow to the optic nerve.
Types of glaucoma:
Surgery involves either laser treatment or making a incision in the eye to reduce the intraocular pressure. Your doctor will recommended which type of surgery you will need, The surgery depending on the type and severity of your glaucoma and the general health of the your eye. Surgery can help lower pressure when medication is insufficient.
Laser Cyclophotocoagulation : An alternative to microsurgery that is typically used to treat glaucoma. This surgery is done for people who already have damage occur by glaucoma. Destroy ciliary body to reduce aqueous production. Lasers type: diode and nd:yag.
Laser Filtration Procedure : Filtering surgeries are the main stay of surgical treatment to control intraocular pressure. Filtering procedures are generally divided into two types: Penetrating and Non-penetrating. Both are depending upon whether an intraoperative entry into the anterior chamber occurs.
Penetrating filtering surgeries are subdivided into guarded filtering procedures and full thickness procedures.
Non-penetrating filtering surgeries do not penetrate or enter in to the eye's anterior chamber. Types of non-penetrating surgeries: 1. Bleb-forming, 2. Viscocanalostomy.
Bleb forming: Procedures invovles ab externo trabeculectomy and deep sclerectomy. Viscocanalostomy: It is also an ab externo, major ocular procedure in which Schlemm's canal is surgically wide open by making a large and very deep scleral flap.
Follow the instructions next 24 hours after surgery to minimize the risk of complications.
Eye care: Do not remove the Patch or eye shield for 24 hrs. Your eyes may feel sore and swollen after surgery which should go away in 1 to 2 weeks. Wear sunglasses for first 2 weeks after surgery.
However, you should except to have some itching, irritation, foreign body sensation, and mild to moderate soreness. This is normal, but if you have any mild pain or discomfort, asked to your docto