A root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth becomes infected or badly decayed teeth. During a root canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is sealed or cleaned. The tissue around the tooth will become infected if left without treatment.
It contains the pulp chamber (in the coronal part of the tooth), the main canal(s), and more complicated anatomical branches that may fix the root canals to each other or to the surface of the root.
"Root canal" is used to describe the natural cavity in the middle of the tooth. The pulp or pulp chamber is the soft area in the root canal. The tooth has nerve lies within the root canal.
The root canal treatment is consists of removing the inflamed and infected pulp tissue. Enamel, Dentin, Pulp, Root, and Bone etc.
Risks of a root canal sometimes, however, the damage is too deep or the enamel is weakened to withstand the procedure. These factors can lead to loss of the tooth.
Root canal treatment is also called as endodontic treatment or endodontic therapy, or root canal therapy.
Decades ago, root canal treatments usually were painful. With dental advances most people have little pain with a root canal. In fact, decayed tooth is probably more painful. Root canal alternatives involve: replacing it with a dental implant, teeth extraction, and bridge or removable partial denture.
Root canal procedures: